Since architecture has remained an effective and long-term type of expression, buildings therefore express our culture. The ancient and modern architecture are blended to inspire and energize people.
The discovery of architecture began in Nile Valley, then later discovered in the valley of the Tigris and Euphrates. The wealth of the society affected the two major functions (consolidation of security and power and to amuse the Gods) of ancient architecture.
The Greek architecture used cement around 200 BC to replace weaker mortars like bitumen or plaster, with the lime binding the sand, clay, and water. Meanwhile, the Romans preferred finely ground volcanic lava in place of clay, obtained from pozzolanic – an extremely strong mortar.
The Roman’s greatest accomplishments were based on arches, vaults, and domes. These three had features that helped in concrete enhancement.
The 19th century was when art and architecture in India, Japan, and China thrived. The Chinese architecture was based on the decorative areas; the palaces of Turkey, Spain, India, and Persia, including the mosques had a new art. The principles of their architecture include truss, vault, and lintel, affecting their structures’ decoration and styles.
Nowadays we find a blend of earlier and modern architecture!